PHP操作excel方法(利用PHPExcel开源类实现)

php操作txt,用fopen或者file_get_content可以实现,但是操作excel数据文件呢?

好在这个问题早有人想到过了,PHPExcel开源类可以帮我们无缝解决这个问题,以下是PHPExcel官方下载:http://phpexcel.codeplex.com/ 备份下载

下载代码包后,包含几个文件夹,只有Classes这个文件夹是代码,其他主要是示例、说明文档什么的,可自行参看。

博主写了一个简单函数,用于将mysql数据用php导出到excel文件中,也许可以作为速成材料:

<?php
function to_excel($sql,$excel_name)//含参数为SQL语句、导出的excel文件名
{
	include_once('PHPExcel/Classes/PHPExcel.php');//包含类文件
	include_once('PHPExcel/Classes/PHPExcel/Writer/Excel2007.php');//包含类文件
	$objPHPExcel=new PHPExcel();//新建一个excel文件类
	$re=mysql_query($sql);//执行SQL得到数据集
	$i=1;
	while($list=mysql_fetch_row($re))//循环一行行获取数据
		{
		$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A'.$i,$list[0]);//excel的第A列第i行写入$list[0]
		$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B'.$i,$list[1]);//依次类推
		$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('C'.$i,$list[2]);
		$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('D'.$i,$list[3]);
		$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('E'.$i,$list[4]);
		$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('F'.$i,$list[5]);
		$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('G'.$i,$list[6]);
		$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('H'.$i,$list[7]);
		$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('I'.$i,$list[8]);
		$i++;
		}
	$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel2007($objPHPExcel);//将excel数据对象实例化为excel文件对象
	$objWriter->save($excel_name.".xlsx");//导出并写入当前目录,按照$excel_name命名
	echo "OK!已导出为".$excel_name;
}
?>

附PHPExcel类详细使用说明:


  /**————————基础操作—————————————**/
    //包含类文件
  include ‘PHPExcel.php’;
  include ‘PHPExcel/Writer/Excel2007.php’;//或者include ‘PHPExcel/Writer/Excel5.php’; 用于输出.xls的

  //创建一个excel
  $objPHPExcel = new PHPExcel();

  //保存excel—2007格式
  $objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel2007($objPHPExcel);//或者$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel5($objPHPExcel); 非2007格式
  $objWriter->save(”xxx.xlsx”);

  //直接输出到浏览器
  $objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel5($objPHPExcel);
  header(”Pragma: public”);
  header(”Expires: 0″);
  header(”Cache-Control:must-revalidate, post-check=0, pre-check=0″);
  header(”Content-Type:application/force-download”);
  header(”Content-Type:application/vnd.ms-execl”);
  header(”Content-Type:application/octet-stream”);
  header(”Content-Type:application/download”);;
  header(’Content-Disposition:attachment;filename=”resume.xls”‘);
  header(”Content-Transfer-Encoding:binary”);
  $objWriter->save(’php://output’);

  /**————————设置excel的属性—————————————**/  
  //创建人
  $objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCreator(”Maarten Balliauw”);

  //最后修改人
  $objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setLastModifiedBy(”Maarten Balliauw”);

  //标题
  $objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setTitle(”Office 2007 XLSX Test Document”);

  //题目
  $objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setSubject(”Office 2007 XLSX Test Document”);

  //描述
  $objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setDescription(”Test document for Office 2007 XLSX, generated using PHP classes.”);

  //关键字
  $objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setKeywords(”office 2007 openxml php”);

  //种类
  $objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCategory(”Test result file”);

  //设置当前的sheet
  $objPHPExcel->setActiveSheetIndex(0);

  //设置sheet的name
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setTitle(’Simple’);

  //设置单元格的值
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue(’A1′, ‘String’);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue(’A2′, 12);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue(’A3′, true);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue(’C5′, ‘=SUM(C2:C4)’);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue(’B8′, ‘=MIN(B2:C5)’);

  //合并单元格
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->mergeCells(’A18:E22′);

  //分离单元格
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->unmergeCells(’A28:B28′);
   
   //保护cell
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setSheet(true); // Needs to be set to true in order to enable any worksheet protection!
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->protectCells(’A3:E13′, ‘PHPExcel’);

  //设置格式// Set cell number formats
  echo date(’H:i:s’) . ” Set cell number formatsn”;
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’E4′)->getNumberFormat()->setFormatCode(PHPExcel_Style_NumberFormat::FORMAT_CURRENCY_EUR_SIMPLE);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->duplicateStyle( $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’E4′), ‘E5:E13′ );

  //设置宽width// Set column widths
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension(’B’)->setAutoSize(true);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension(’D’)->setWidth(12);

  //设置font
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’B1′)->getFont()->setName(’Candara’);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’B1′)->getFont()->setSize(20);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’B1′)->getFont()->setBold(true);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’B1′)->getFont()->setUnderline(PHPExcel_Style_Font::UNDERLINE_SINGLE);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’B1′)->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color::COLOR_WHITE);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’E1′)->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color::COLOR_WHITE);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’D13′)->getFont()->setBold(true);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’E13′)->getFont()->setBold(true);

  //设置align
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’D11′)->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’D12′)->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’D13′)->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’A18′)->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_JUSTIFY);

  //垂直居中
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’A18′)->getAlignment()->setVertical(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::VERTICAL_CENTER);

  //设置column的border
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’A4′)->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’B4′)->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’C4′)->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’D4′)->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’E4′)->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);

  //设置border的color
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’D13′)->getBorders()->getLeft()->getColor()->setARGB(’FF993300′);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’D13′)->getBorders()->getTop()->getColor()->setARGB(’FF993300′);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’D13′)->getBorders()->getBottom()->getColor()->setARGB(’FF993300′);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’E13′)->getBorders()->getTop()->getColor()->setARGB(’FF993300′);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’E13′)->getBorders()->getBottom()->getColor()->setARGB(’FF993300′);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’E13′)->getBorders()->getRight()->getColor()->setARGB(’FF993300′);

  //设置填充颜色
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’A1′)->getFill()->setFillType(PHPExcel_Style_Fill::FILL_SOLID);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’A1′)->getFill()->getStartColor()->setARGB(’FF808080′);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’B1′)->getFill()->setFillType(PHPExcel_Style_Fill::FILL_SOLID);
  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’B1′)->getFill()->getStartColor()->setARGB(’FF808080′);

  //加图片
  $objDrawing = new PHPExcel_Worksheet_Drawing();
  $objDrawing->setName(’Logo’);
  $objDrawing->setDescription(’Logo’);
  $objDrawing->setPath(’./images/officelogo.jpg’);
  $objDrawing->setHeight(36);
  $objDrawing->setWorksheet($objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet());
  $objDrawing = new PHPExcel_Worksheet_Drawing();
  $objDrawing->setName(’Paid’);
  $objDrawing->setDescription(’Paid’);
  $objDrawing->setPath(’./images/paid.png’);
  $objDrawing->setCoordinates(’B15′);
  $objDrawing->setOffsetX(110);
  $objDrawing->setRotation(25);
  $objDrawing->getShadow()->setVisible(true);
  $objDrawing->getShadow()->setDirection(45);
  $objDrawing->setWorksheet($objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet());

  //在默认sheet后,创建一个worksheet
  echo date(’H:i:s’) . ” Create new Worksheet objectn”;
  $objPHPExcel->createSheet();
  $objWriter = PHPExcel_IOFactory::createWriter($objExcel, 'Excel5');
  $objWriter-save('php://output');

相关阅读:

http://www.jz123.cn/text/2319267.html

http://www.php100.com/html/webkaifa/PHP/PHPyingyong/2009/0114/309.html

http://www.oschina.net/p/phpexcel/

浏览量(112) | 此条目发表在lamp专区, 计算机分类目录,贴了标签。将固定链接加入收藏夹。